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Project Management Philosophy

Project Management.

It’s an art; it’s a science; it’s a pain – and it’s bound to go wrong!

Two views can get in the way of good project management…this one…

A fairly humorous view of Project Management.

…and this one…which sadly is more common:

Six steps to Project Management:

1. Enthusiasm

2. Disillusionment

3. Panic

4. Find the guilty

5. Punish the innocent

6. Reward non participants

Except it could be so much better with some simple rules – and as we shall see in another blog, so much harder if you ignore the simple stuff…

The first thing is to understand when something should become a project: for me and many others, it is:

“a temporary activity separate from but affecting the ‘normal’ state, with a defined starting date, specific and measurable goals and conditions, defined responsibilities, a budget, a timetable, a fixed end date and often several different parties involved”

It’s not ‘everyday’ work, and the management methods are different. Fundamentally so…

Essentially, there are four steps to Project Management, and even the best methodologies stick to them –

  1. Defining the thing: WHAT will the project will deliver
  2. Initiating the thing: HOW it will be delivered
  3. Doing the thing: MAKING IT HAPPEN, (frequently splitting the timetable into smaller stages)
  4. Ending the thing: FINISHING IT, including the debrief to learn lessons.

One critical step for me is to make sure that Project Management (“PM”) covers all the stages, to ensure control and a rationale record of what was agreed, when, by whom and with what authority.

Which brings me on to:

Roles:

  • Project Sponsor: the individual who represents the project to the governing committee, whether it’s called the Board or whatever. Theirs is the relationship with the principal stakeholders, and they have the job of removing roadblocks and ensuring progress. They may or may not be the:
  • Project Manager: the individual whose job it is to make sure the project is delivered. They manage timescales, record and ensure progress, negotiate with their team (more below), and manage the quality of delivery, the timescales and budgets – referring as needed to the Project Sponsor. They manage the:
  • Project Team: the individuals who often are SME (Subject Matter Experts) and on whom the project delivery depends. The PM has to manage their individual and focused effort to ensure the overall project timetable is adhered to.

So, how do these roles manage when there is conflict?

Governance…

This makes sure that the project is effectively managed, and is often the reason why they fail. Too many people fail to plan properly, and effectively are planning to fail. Witness the numerous UK government projects that fail to deliver, and/or run over budget. The Child Support Agency tried to change their processes and culture, and failed. The UK National Health Service have for years tried to amalgamate patient records to give those requiring treatment their choice of medical practitioner, and failed. The HMRC project to amalgamate tax collection and benefit payments through tax credits failed. The UK Ministry of Defence Nimrod project failed.

Each of these projects, which have failed miserably at huge cost because the contract negotiations and penalty clauses were ineffectively negotiated, failed often because governance was not get managed effectively, meaning objectives got muddled, designs got changed without full assessment on the end game, and politics got in the way as did egos and personalities.

It happens in the private sector, too – as many of us Project Managers can testify…

So the secret to mitigating this inevitable risk is to ensure so far as possible, that the right people make the decisions in full knowledge of the facts.

This is where Project Management methodologies come into their own, because their paper trail and decision-making processes and records ensure improved performance and enhanced management information and knowledge – and so better and more appropriate decision-making.

It helps when you have good communication. It’s part of the DNA of a successful project, and the following needs to be communicated on a regular basis:

  • Status and progress to the sponsor and stakeholders
  • Requirements to the project team
  • Progress from the project team
  • Timescales for delivery of project outputs
  • Risk and issues and their planned mitigation
  • Changes to the project and their implications

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A Storehouse of Best-in-Market Mobile Phone Features

The quest for increased sales and satisfaction for users has compelled leading mobile phone manufacturers to come up with newer and more advanced mobiles. One such manufacturer, LG Mobiles, has been a big market player for quite some time now. Some of its handsets, including the likes of LG Chocolate and LG cookie, have been standout performers and have been appreciated by a large number of users. To please its loyal fans further, LG has recently unveiled a brand new gadget.

The LG BL40 Chocolate  has everything one can ask for. With dimensions of 128 x 51 x 10.9 mm and a weight of 129 grams, the phone has been given a super sleek look. The display is a TFT capacitative touchscreen that can provide the luxury of viewing up to 16 million colours. To cap it all off, a screen size of 4.01 inches and a resolution of 345 x 800 pixels ensure an enthralling viewing experience. However, there is more to the display. Features like Accelerometer sensor for UI auto-rotate, LG’s unique S-class Touch User Interface, a multi-touch input method, proximity sensor for auto turn-off and Gesture controls provide an user experience like never before.

On the technology front, the phone is right up there with the best. The LG BL40 Chocolate is a 3G HSDPA handset, with compatibility for 2G GSM quad band included as well. Bluetooth v2.1 with A2DP and microUSB v2.0 ensure a smooth data transfer process with other compatible devices. With this handset, Internet access on-the-go is no longer a problem, as Wi-Fi WLAN is also provided. One can now surf one’s favourite websites on the WAP 2.0 browser. Features of SMS, MMS, EMS, Email and Instant Messaging work are provided as well.

Now to the real entertainment stuff. The 5MP camera with Schneider-Kreuznach optics takes stunning photographs, thereby eliminating the need for carrying a separate digital camera. Autrofocus, LED flash, face detection, Geo-Tagging, smile and blink detection make the camera of the LG BL40 Chocolate one of its biggest assets. One can also record videos in VGA mode at an unmatched rate of 30 fps. For music fans, a dedicated music player and a stereo FM Radio with RDS is included. While the former can play most music formats, the latter can be used to tune into one’s favorite radio stations. Besides, with the phone’s large number of preloaded games, one can kiss goodbye to boredom.

To make sure that one can enjoy these stunning entertainment features, a whopping 1.1 GB internal storage is provided. And that’s not it. A micro SD card slot is also included to expand the memory to up to 32GB. Yet another outstanding feature!

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How to Create a Favicon For Your Tech Blog

If you’ve ever wondered why some blogs and websites have a small icon (16×16, 32×32 or 64×64) in the address bar you’ve found the right tutorial. Today we are going to show you 2 methods to create your own icon (favicon.ico) for your tech blog. The first method will be done by using the Favicon Generator on DynamicDrive which can be found here. This method is very simple and only requires that you have either a gif, jpg, png or bmp image with a maximum file size of 150.00kB. Simply select the image you want to use for your icon based on those guidelines and click their Create Icon button – wallah, a download link for your favicon.ico will be given.

* Create the favicon.ico file using the DynamicDrive FavIcon Generator

* Save the favicon.ico file to your computer

* Login to your web space via FTP.

* Upload the favicon.ico file to the root directory of your FTP (example httpdocs or public_html)

* Add the following code to your header.php file in the HEAD section *see bottom of post*

* If you are using The Thesis Theme for WordPress, simply add the code above in Thesis options / Header Scripts

This is probably the easiest and fastest way to get your favicon up and running on your tech blog. The change should be instant, but it might require that your empty the cache in your web browser. From my experiences IE and Google Chome update the favicon almost instantly after refreshing the page, but I’ve had Firefox take up to a couple days before the change goes into effect. The second method for creating a favicon.ico file requires that you have Adobe Photoshop.

* Download the ICO (Windows Icon) Format for Adobe Photoshop here.

* Extract the zip file

* Locate the “File Formats” folder inside your Photoshop Plugins folder

* On Windows move the ICOFormat.8bi file to this folder / on OS X/Classic move the icoformat (CS2/Mac version is ICOFormat_cs2.plugin) / on 68K MacOS X, icoformat (68K)

* Quit Photoshop, relaunch. Sometimes you might need to restart the machine for the change to take effect

* Create a new Photoshop file either 16×16, 32×32 or 64×64 pixels, design your icon and when you are done click save – you will now be able to save the image as an ico file from the drop down list

* Login to your web space via FTP

* Upload the favicon.ico file to the root directory of your FTP (example httpdocs or public_html)

* Add the following code to your header.php file in the HEAD section *see bottom of post*

* If you are using The Thesis Theme for WordPress, simply add the code above in Thesis options / Header Scripts

Congratulations, you now have a custom favicon created in Adobe Photoshop. If you have any questions about creating or setting up the favicon.ico file for your WordPress tech blog please feel free to leave a comment below. We are always here to help and it’s our goal at TechBlogStartup to make your blogging as simple and straightforward as possible.

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Traditional Educational Institutions in Child Education in Sierra Leone

INTRODUCTION

Sierra Leone is bounded on the north-west, north and north-east by the Republic Guinea, on the south-east by the Republic of Liberia and on south-west by the Atlantic Ocean. It has an area of 27,925 square miles. The colony of Sierra Leone originated in the sale and cession in 1787 by native chiefs to English settlers of a piece of land intended as a home for African settlers who were waifs in London and later it was used as a settlement for freed African slaves. The hinterland was declared a British Protectorate on 21st August, 1896. Sierra Leone attained independence on 27th April, 1961 and became a Republic in 1971. Education is provided by both private and state-sponsored schools. The current system of education is 6-3-4-4 (that is six years Primary school, three years Junior Secondary School, four years Senior Secondary School and four years tertiary/higher education. This system is complemented by non- formal education.

CONCEPT OF EDUCATION

Education is frequently used in the sense of instruction in the classroom, laboratory, workshop or domestic science room and consists principally in the imparting by the teacher, and the acquisition by pupils, of information and mental as well as manual skills. A wider meaning than instruction is that of schooling. That is to say all that goes on within the school as part of the pupil’s life there. It includes, among other things, relationship between pupils and teachers, pupils and pupils both in and outside the school. J. S. Mill (1931) opined that whatever helps to shape the human being; to make the individual what he is or hinder him from being what he is not is part of his education. Implicitly education is lifelong and ubiquitous; it is the sum total of all influences which go to make a person what he is, from birth to death. It includes the home, our neighbors, and the street among others.

Education is to some extent a deliberate planned process devised and conducted by the educator with the purpose of imbuing the learner with certain information, skills, of mind and body as well as modes of behavior considered desirable. In part it is the learner’s own response to the environment in which he lives. Education has three focal points: the individual/person upon whom the educator’s influences are brought to bear; the society or community to which he belongs; and the whole context of reality within which the individual and society play their part. Man is a social creature; he grows as a person through the impact of personality on personality; and even for his basic physical needs he depends on the help and cooperation of his fellow men and women. Without society and the mutual support and enrichment of experiences which it provides civilization is impossible and the life of man, in Hobbes’ words, is “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short.”

One of the fundamental facts of human existence is the tension between the pull of the past and the forward urge into the future, between stability and change, tradition and innovation. For effective living,man needs a circle of security, an area of established habits and relationship which forms dependable relationships. This is also true of society. For its effective functioning there must be an underlying continuity of traditions and outlook which preserves its identity as a society and safeguards it against the disruptive effects of change. Change must be for life and not static but this change in turn must be controlled by the basic traditions of society. It is tradition which gives a nation its character and distinctiveness as a society. The conservation of tradition therefore is obviously crucial.

It has been recognized from time immemorial that the conservation of traditional education has a vital part to play in the development of the child. The children of today are the adults of tomorrow; they must be trained therefore, to inherit and perpetuate the beliefs and modes of life peculiar to the particular society to which they belong. For every society has the desire to preserve itself not only physically but as community consciously sharing certain aims, ideals and patterns of behavior. This type of education is not necessarily formal in schools by means of classroom instruction but that effected indirectly through the family and through the impact on the individual of social influences and customs which the child cannot evade. In Sierra Leone this social education included elaborate ceremonies of initiation involving feats of endurance in which young men and women must prove themselves worthy of the community. The ultimate goal was to produce an individual who was honest, respectful, skilled, cooperative, and who could conform to the social order of the day. As Aristotle once stated “the constitution of a state will suffer if education is neglected. The citizens of a state should always be educated to suit the constitution of the state. The type of character appropriate to a constitution is the power which continues to sustain it as it is also the state force which originally created it” (p. I).

TRADITIONAL EDUCATION IN SOCIETY

Traditional education has both a creative and conservation function in society; it is a powerful means of preserving a society’s customs, if not culture. In the past the nature and needs of society played a vital part in determining the nature of education. Professor M.V.C. Jeffreys (1950) once wrote in his book, Glaucon, that “in a tranquil society the educational system will tend to reflect the social pattern, while social uneasiness and instability create opportunity for using education as an instrument of social change”(p.7). A similar view was shared by John Dewey (1897) who opined that through education society can formulate its own purposes, can organize its own means and resources and thus save itself with definiteness and economy in the direction in which it wishes to move. Education looks both to the past and the future; inevitably it reflects the traditions and character of society. Traditional education can be used to prepare for changes in society and anticipate and prevent changes or the effects of changes in society.

Traditional education conserves and hands on the customs and ways of life which constitute the character of a society and maintains its unity. It also helps society to interpret its functions in new ways to meet the challenges of change, seeking ways or lines of development which are consistent with the traditions and customs and will at the same time raise society to a more complete fulfillment of itself.
TRADITIONAL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN SIERRA LEONE

History reveals that there were no formal schools where children were educated in Pre-colonial Sierra Leone. The Poro and Bondo/Sande Secret Societies were looked upon as institutions to train children. They were bush schools. And the education these bush schools provided was informal. Children who went through these secret societies were considered capable of carrying out their civic responsibilities. They became adults and can marry and start life. They considered themselves as one family. In other words both Secret Societies created a sense of comradeship and unity among members irrespective of family, clan or ethnic affiliation. It was therefore considered that children who had not gone through these secret societies were not fully matured.

The Poro Secret Society is for boys. The spiritual head of the Poro Society is Pa Gbonu, seen only by the older graduates or members. The physical heads are the Pa Sama Yorgbors and Pa Somanos. They direct the activities of the institution. The senior instructors are the Pa Kashis, who generally teach and give instructions to other initiators. The Pa Manchiyas serve as teachers to the initiates while the Kachemas are the scaring spirits. They scare the women and children alike together with the new initiates. The Rakas are the errand boys carrying messages around. The Yambas are the head boys. The Bomos are the senior prefects while the Sayboms are the prefects; and the monitors are the Gbanaboms. Informal classes are held in the Secret Poro Bush. The subjects taught include Creative Practical Arts, Performing Arts, Practical Agriculture, Medicine i.e. use of local herbs for the treatment of different ailments), warfare and other skills. In Creative Practical Arts initiates are taught how to make fishing nets, baskets, mats, and carving wood and soap stones into different objects such as animals and humans; in Performing Arts initiates are taught singing, dancing and the use of Poro musical instruments. In Practical Agriculture initiates practice farming. Boys are taught to bear hardship without complaint and grow accustomed to it. Thus they are taken to the farms of their teachers and elders to work on pro bono basis. However during the harvest season initiates could pass through these farms taking whatever they need and eat without being questioned by farm owners. Initiates are taught to respect elders and use of guns to kill animals. In a similar vein initiates are taught how to use guns in fighting in defense of their communities. Other skills initiates are taught include making fish traps, fishing and hunting net, and basketry. In the use of herbs initiates pay money (some freely given) for healing various sicknesses as well as for protection against enemies, evil spirits and snake bites. Initiates who want to cause harm to others using herbs could ‘redeem’ the herb/medicine concerned. Over all initiates are taught a new Language spoken only by members called Ke Sornor. For example fonka trika meaning I am talking to you; fonka bonomi meaning Talk to me. The use of this new Language makes graduates very proud and feel different from non-initiates. Graduates come out with new names such as Lamp, Langba and Kolerr. A graduation ceremony climaxes the event.

Parents make massive preparations including sewing dresses for the graduates. To mark the graduation ceremony there is feasting, drinking, dancing and singing praise songs for the graduates and their parents. Those qualified for initiation must have been circumcised and grown to age of puberty. They have to live on their own during the period of training which ranges from one to seven years. Graduates are fully admitted to the general Poro society through another ceremony called Enkorie, which lasts for four days.

The Bondo/Sande Society is the institution where girls are trained for womanhood. Its spiritual head is Na Bondigba. The Na Gboyamas and Na Wulus are the physical heads. These have spiritual powers used to foretell the future and catch witches. They are the senior teachers. The Na Sokos are the service teachers. They can initiate girls even up to the advanced stage of the Society. The Digbas are the general teachers and stay close to the initiates. The Sampas are the skillful dancers and errand girls/women. They make announcements about the progress and activities or programs during the graduation ceremony.

The Na Fets, as the name implies do not know all the secrecy of the institution. They carry the institutional implements and regalia. The Karr Ayeamus are the ‘waiters’ to be initiated into the higher status of the institution. Girls admitted to the Bondo/Sande Society are trained informally. Classes are held at Kantha or sacred home. The teachers are largely concerned with the transmission to these adolescent girls the skills and knowledge which adult women are expected to possess in order to function properly and intelligently in their community. The subjects girls are taught include Cooking, Performing Arts, Fishing, Husband and Child Care, and Home Management. In Cooking girls are taught how to prepare food through observation and participation in the preparation of various dishes and are later allowed to have a go with little or no supervision. Those who could not cook properly are allowed to repeat. In Performing Arts girls are taught how to compose and sing songs and how to beat the Bondo/Sande drums (sambories). Alongside singing girls are taught how to dance and those who dance well may join the hierarchy of the Sampas. Girls are also taught how to fishing, make fishing nets, fishing baskets, sleeping mats from bamboo and palm leaves. Further girls are taught how to help their prospective husbands and how to take care of children especially those of senior members. Like the Poro Society graduation ceremonies are marked by massive preparations. Both parents and prospective husbands would buy new dresses, slippers, perfumes, powder, and beads to make neck laces. On the day of the graduation ceremony the new initiates are arrayed in white with coronets. They come out with new names such as Burah, Yeanor, Rukor and Yainkain. This demonstrates a sign of maturity. Initiating girls into Bondo/Sande society lasts between a few months and three years.

CHALLENGES

If education has the vital function of perpetuating the traditions and values of society, of adapting them to a changing environment, and of raising them to richer and more fruitful expression then both the Poro and Bondo/Sande Secret Societies, as traditional agents of this process should enjoy a position of the highest esteem. Through these secret societies the nation’s culture flows from one generation to the other and the aspirations of society are focused with intimate and telling persuasion upon the young. They stand at a point where the energies of children are released into new and creative possibilities. Through these secret societies children remember the past activities of their predecessors. They help in behavioral training patterns of society. These societies are institutions of inspiration and both politicians and chiefs use them to advantage. That is to either gain or maintain power. Major and binding decisions are taken in the Poro Bush of which only members are allowed to attend and take part. The Poro Secret Society acts as a check against the abuse of power. In crisis ridden situations major decision are taken in the Poro Bush. The Poro society even acts as arbitrator in chiefdom disputes and could promulgate general laws and regulate trading practices. It is also involved in the burial of chiefs and other important local officials (Alie, 1990).

Western education has existed in the country for long and is now so integral part of the civilized life that there is a tendency to assume that it is the main or sole means of imparting skills, knowledge and social values in children. This is not the case in Sierra Leone. The importance of the Poro and Bondo traditional secret societies cannot be over-sighted because of their enormous potentiality in educating children for life in society. Fundamental is that respect for persons as persons is the basis of traditional society. Linked with this is courtesy, sensitivity to the needs of others, cooperativeness, self-discipline, moral and physical courage, hard work and high standards of achievement. These are passed on to children in the environment in which they are part of their daily experiences. Notwithstanding, these traditional institutions as agents of education are currently faced with many challenges there-by forcing their demise. The practice of female genital circumcision is of international concern and in Sierra Leone people are agitating for its total ban. Currently girls are allowed to be circumcised at age eighteen during which time a child is perceived to be matured enough to choose whether or not to be initiated into the Bondo/Sande secret society. In addition the period of initiation is perceived too long and is being challenged. Besides children these days no longer have to be initiated into these societies to be taught how to be clean, cook, rear children, practice agriculture, and inculcate morals and virtues to cite a few examples. All these could be learnt either in or outside formal schooling through reading. What is more Religion, especially Christianity and Islam, western life, as well as rural-urban migration are forcing these secret societies to obliteration.

Besides the activities and work of these traditional societies are not in curriculum form and documented. Neither also is the use of herbs documented. Therefore by discontinuing these traditional secret societies Sierra Leoneans stand to lose their cultural heritage. If however, education has the vital function of perpetuating the traditions and values of society, of adapting them to a changing environment, and of raising them to a richer and more fruitful expression then these traditional secret societies, as agents of this process should enjoy a position of the highest esteem. Through these societies the national culture flows from one generation to another and the aspirations of society are focused with intimate and telling persuasion upon the young. These secret societies stand at the point where the energies of children are released into new and creative possibilities.

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Geek Gadget Guide – Finding the Perfect Gadget For the Geek in Your Life

The task of buying gifts for gadget aficionados can seem very daunting. They have seemingly every gadget under the sun and they know about all the newest gadgets. The goal of this guide is to help you avoid the pitfalls and get the ultimate geek gadget for your loved ones. Gadget obsessed geeks are notoriously difficult to buy gifts for. They either have it or they have a better version of it already.

“Uh, thanks granddad! An All-in-one phone-MP3 player-address book-internet-camera. Its uh.. fine, I mean great. What? Yeah I love gadgets. Thanks..” If your buying a gift for one of these types, every family has one, this guide will help you find the ultimate geek gadget!

What makes a great Geek Gadget?

First you have to understand the psychology behind technology enthusiasts. They are, at heart, big kids and gadgets are the acceptable face of the adult toy industry. With that in mind lets take a look at what factors go into making a great geek gadget.

  • New. If the gadget has been out long enough that you have heard of it they will not want it. It has to be cutting edge. If it was available last Christmas chances are it is already too old to set your beloved gadget lovers heart on fire.
  • Practical. Well not so much practical but it has to fulfill a need. Preferably one that they did not even know that had. Like metal detecting flip flops.
  • Advanced. As a rule of thumb it needs to impractically overpowered for what it needs to do. If your buying a secure USB Flash Drive it needs to have better encryption than the CIA uses.
  • Uncommon. Every gadget geek wants to show off to their friends. They all have a need to be the first one in their group of friends to have something, so they can casually pull it out at the pub and start tinkering with it.

Mens gadgets are always popular, look at one of the more successful brands of shaving razors on the market today and you will see the the rules mentioned in this article playing out. Whether it be the number of blades, the frequency they release new models or if it needs batteries you will never look at gadgets in the same way again.

Please bare in mind that gadgets do not have to cost the earth in fact some of the best ones are weird gadgets and they are more often than not cheap gadgets. Good luck finding your gift gadgets. If you need inspiration in finding the latest gadgets take a look at the latest geek gadget blogs on the internet.

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Keeping in Touch While Traveling the Globe With Satellite Internet

When Travel Blog traveling in foreign countries, keeping in touch with your loved ones can be one of the most important parts of feeling connected to your life. Most people who travel rely heavily on this method of communication. This might be why you see so many Internet cafes in cities that have a high volume of tourists. This is the story of one woman who made her way around the globe over the course of a year, and she wouldn’t have been able to do it without the help of satellite Internet access.

Anna began her around the world trip 6 months ago. When she began, she felt a variety of different emotions ranging from excitement to nervousness to elation. One of her concerns of the unknown was how easy it would be to keep in touch with her loved ones while she was away for an entire year. Anna had decided to write a blog detailing her travel experiences and sharing photos with her family and friends, but she wasn’t sure how much access to the Internet or what type of access she would have. Anna was surprised to find that it was quite easy to find Internet access. Even in the most back woods places in the world they had satellite Internet. It was a real testament to how much the world is now relying on this type of communication.

Anna began to realize that the real challenge that she had with keeping her travel blog up to date was time, not access to Internet. She had been lucky in finding plenty of places with high-speed cable or satellite Internet to upload her photos in a short amount of time, but she found her days so full of sightseeing and experiencing her trip that she barely had the patience for even the shortest updates on the blog.

Then, Anna began to truly appreciate the access she had to information when one day her purse was stolen in a busy market. Unfortunately, the purse contained her credit card, her camera, and her passport. Three things that are very important to a traveler. Luckily, Anna had some cash at her hostel and the hostel also provided free satellite Internet. Over the course of a few days she was able to cancel and reorder a new card, get her new passport ordered, and file a claim with her insurance company. These things would have been considerably more difficult if it hadn’t been for the ease of access to the Internet. She was able to, not only search for the information she needed to put her affairs back in order, but also to call the necessary people via Skype.

Anna also relied heavily on the Internet when it came to keeping in touch with the new friends she made along the way. As any backpacker knows, you make fast and strong bonds with people when you are traveling. Anna counted some of her friends that she made along the way as some of the best friends she had. Parting ways after traveling together for a while was always difficult, but it was a comfort to know that they would stay up to date on each other’s lives via email, Skype, and Facebook.

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Three Emerging Technologies that Will Change the World

I was speaking with a friend the other night about his great grandfather. His great grandfather was born in 1875. He lived until 1965. Can you imagine the technology that this man saw come online? Let me name a few: the typewriter, the electric dental drill, the telephone, the phonograph, the incandescent light bulb, the hearing aid, the electric fan, the dishwasher, the escalator, the airplane, the Model T automobile, the air conditioner, the defibrillator, the atomic bomb, the electric guitar, the nuclear submarine, nylon, the polio vaccine, and the laser. He died right when the first minicomputer was coming to fruition. All of that in the span of his lifetime. Which leads me to the topic of this article. Technology has completely changed the way we live. And technological advances have accelerated at unbelievable speeds. Technology is converging in ways no one could have foreseen. I want to highlight some of the most interesting technologies out there. These are technologies that will change the world, for good and bad.

Nano Technology

Probably the most interesting and frightening of the emerging technologies is nano technology. Nano technology is a cross disciplinary field that deals with building and synthesizing materials at scales of 100nm or less. Nano technology usually works in one of two ways. It either pulls smaller parts together to build or it breaks bigger parts down. The parts are then used to form smaller, new materials. But why is nano technology so important?

Nano technology is important because it will have massive effects across every area of life. As I write this, researchers are working on a nano particle to target cancer cells in lungs. In 2004, Rice University tested gold nano particle cancer treatment. In this treatment, these 150 nanometer gold particles were injected into the blood stream of cancerous mice. Gold particles at this size pass into tumors, but not healthy tissue. The researchers then passed infrared through the mice. The tumorous cells absorbed the infrared, heated up, and were destroyed. They are also working on quantum dots that allow doctors to easily identify multiple diseases quickly and accurately. But the uses don’t stop there. Nanotechnology will drive down the scale of electronics. This will lead incredibly small devices. The applications are limitless. And you can bet that the military will be clamoring for nano technology. The military is looking to have numerous nanotechnologies online by the year 2015. Such advances include performance enhancing nanotechnology that aids bodily functions. These will include response times, oxygen use, and heightened senses. But nanotechnology can also be used for reconnaissance and combat. Nanobots could scout areas without being seen. They could also enter into enemies for espionage. They could kill targets from within the host’s body. The possibilities are frightening.

Alternative Energy & Fuels

When gas prices skyrocketed this past year, many people suddenly took an interest in alternative energy and fuels. And because demand rose, companies suddenly found themselves forced to take interest. Most of the common arguments for alternative energy and fuels center around issues of pollution, cost, dependence, and jobs.

What most people don’t realize is that alternative energy and fuels always have environmental effects. This can be in the form of heat generation, air pollutants, waste by-products, land usage, extraction, etc. Instead, we have to talk about pros and cons around each type of energy and fuel. There is no silver bullet. Costs, dependence, and jobs also vary depending on the energy type.

There are a host of alternative energies being tested. Wind powered energy plants are already in place in many parts of the world. Solar energy production has taken huge steps forward with the help of nano technology. One such company is Nanosolar. Nanosolar is producing solar cells that are 100 times thinner than conventional cells. Not only are the cells cheaper to produce, but they also convert the solar energy much more efficiently. Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) uses the temperature differences in the ocean layers to produce energy. And OTEC can utilize this colder water (36 degree F cooler) in other things like on shore agriculture and refrigeration. And the list goes on.

Massive interest was generated in alternative fuels this past year when gas prices hit record levels. New developments in battery technology could help. One such development is Millennium Cell’s hydrogen battery technology. This technology differs greatly from traditional rechargeable batteries in that it’s instantly rechargeable. It also has a much great efficiency for energy conversion, so it is much smaller and lighter. There is also greater reuse efficiency since you don’t need to replace the entire battery. You only need to replace the energy module. Developments are continuing in biodiesel, electric, hydrogen, methanol, etc. I think there could be some serious future synergy between nano technology and alternative energy.

“Bionetics”

This is my name for the incorporation of technology into the body. The dermal display is a great indication of things to come. Though I have yet to find a working demo version of this concept, I have no doubt that it will become a reality. The display would be driven by millions of nanobots. These nanobots would display light when touched. This would print a display onto your hand, or wherever the nanobot display would be housed. And this is where it gets really interesting. The display nanobots would be connected to millions of other fixed and mobile nanobots throughout the patient’s body. This would give instant readings on hundreds of vital statistics. Again, nanotechnology plays a strong role here.

The bionics revolution is already underway. There have been four major cases of robotic limbs recently, the latest being a woman. The robotic limbs take advantage of the functional nerve endings in the limb stump. These nerve endings are used to actuate the robotic limb and to provide feedback to the brain. More money is being poured into robotic limbs every year.

“Functional bionetics” are implants that enhance our lives. And you may be surprised to know that people are actively doing this as I write. People are inserting tiny electronics in their bodies that will unlock their front doors and their cars. The same technology is being used to unlock computers. But it doesn’t stop there. There is talk of implanting devices that will carry health information. You could be carted into a hospital totally unconscious and they would be able to access all of your past medical history. Most of this is done through RFID technology.

“Bionetic networks” will be networks of connected bionetic devices. This would allow people to share sensation, feelings, and communication. If this sounds completely fictional, I invite you to consider the work of Kevin Warwick, Professor of Cybernetics at the University of Reading, England. He has implanted an extra-sensory device that interfaces with one put in his wife. They were implanted in their arms. The first experiments are aimed at exchanging sensory inputs, like pain. The hope is to extend that to other, more complicated neurological processes like thoughts and emotion. Obviously, that would drastically change relationships and indeed the world. Forget about your teens text messaging, maybe they will be brain linking in the future. Now that’s really scary!

What will we be able to say came online in our lifetimes? I’m sure we could already list a lot of important technologies. But keep your eyes out for these emerging technologies. They are set to change the rules of our world. These technologies will upset economies, change military tactics, empower people, and be used to control others. Keep an eye on them.

Paul McGillivary has been a technologist for 15 years. In that time, Paul has experienced thousands of technology problems, challenges, and products. He brings this experience to bear in the articles that he presents.

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10 Healthy Cooking Tips to Help You Cook Your Own Healthy Food

Preparing your food has transformed into an unfathomable elective these days when you need to remain sound and fit. Especially in these occasions that fast nourishments and cafés are shooting all finished, it very well may be alluring to just grab those second meals, anyway clearly, it is constantly imperative to remain sound and oversee a solid weight as well.

Has it ever been in your mind that home-prepared dinners are less expensive and a better other option? What’s more you know its protected considering the way that you set up it yourself. Setting up your food along with family members even assistance makes a more staggering bond, and its a particularly lot of agreeable to do.

So better limit your brisk food usage and start preparing sound and superb food in your kitchen. What’s more in the occasion that you’re a who have the energy to cook for your family, these clear solid cooking tips that will help you all together, avoid the affinity of burning-through outside, and start saving your money notwithstanding continuing with a sound way of life.

To help in preparing your sound suppers, here several solid cooking tips that will help you in sticking to a genuinely solid cooking.

  1. Pick Healthy Parts. Make progress toward fresh vegetables and apples and oranges. Normal ones are better choices yet if you don’t have permission to regular vegetables, confirm that you totally wash them with running water especially verdant vegetables.
  2. Pick a better technique for preparing your food. Fire sear, heat, dinner, steam, or microwave nourishments. Instead of significant fricasseeing, you can moreover sauté. Moreover pick frameworks for cooking that can hold the shade, the substance and the enhancements of the vegetables and various trimmings.
  3. Endeavor some better alternatives to fat and food sources high in cholesterol. You can also find regular flavors and other better choices. Avoid changed food sources whatever amount as could be considered typical. Ceaselessly check the characteristic of changed nourishments expecting that you can’t escape with buying one. You can moreover find decisions to meat. Soya protein,
  4. Utilize Olive oil or Canola oil for your singing necessities. You should be aware of the assorted kinds of cooking oil and check that you know which around them is the better choice. Consider what measure of unsaturated fats they hold. The more unsaturated fat, the more undesirable is your cooking oil.
  5. Dispose of sodium or salt. In spite of the way that you may have to add salt to prepare your recipe, find various substitutes, for instance, spices and other trademark enhances and wipe out your salt. Salt could be undesirable especially the people who are overweight and the people who have issues with their heartbeat. Check the names of took care of food sources, as you can simply sort out if the salt substance is high, yet clearly, something extraordinary you can do is to abstain from the high-sodium component and substitute it.
  6. Choose the low-fat parts. Expecting that you can’t thoroughly discard fat in the components, for instance, margarine or milk, pick those with less fats. You can moreover improvise on an equation to assist you with going without utilizing more and break you in using fats for your recipes. Clearly, one extraordinary proposal for you is to take out those trimmings with high fat substance. You can similarly adjust your recipe to discard those unfortunate trimmings.
  7. Pick whole grains rather than those significantly refined things. Around the hodgepodge of grains that you can use are tan rice, grain, wheat, oats and rye. If you are buying prepared merchandise, also take a gander at accepting that they are made out of these whole grains.
  8. Go with low-fat cooking rehearses whatever amount as could sensibly be considered typical. Sautéed food instead of using the significant fricasseeing frameworks. Trim the swelling some piece of the meat prior to endeavoring to cook it as well.
  9. Pick your cooking oil intelligently. Cooking oil has very crucial effect in cooking and to your wellbeing as well. By picking oils that hold unsaturated fats, for example,sesame, safflower, olive and canola can help more level cholesterol level that is valuable for your heart. Regardless using these oils inside a broad sum can similarly pack a sizable amount of calories so better cut your use significantly or quarter when you can.
  10. Make your veggies with salt . What may you pick; a cabbage without blemishes or the specific case that has it?. At any rate your choice is restored with creepy crawly toxic substances, and its dangerous to your wellbeing. Along these lines, better take your vegetables in a bowl with water and no under 2 tbsp of salt prior to cooking them. This assists with diminishing the manufactured blends of creepy crawly showers, deserting you with simply common and safer veggies.

Green verdant vegetables require less an ideal opportunity to cook. So rather than cooking it with meat and various trimmings, hold up until all the components are just about done. By then incorporate your veggies the latest second. This is adequate to cook the vegetables, anyway it will hold the shade, flavor and the enhancements.

Solid cooking is confined to fight wellbeing related issues, for instance, weight, which is the heading medical problem of various people today. More people are getting enormous and overweight because of undesirable practices, adversity of action and dreadful dietary examples. Additionally, various people are getting amazingly busy with their callings so they select to devour stuffing dinners found in snappy food over preparing their meals at home.

Cooking solid nourishments and having a nutritious eating regimen could be incredibly productive for people who need to go without getting chubby or overweight. Going to a better way of life and a more reasonable eating routine get ready to longer, better life. Sound burning-through and solid cooking should go together when we need to achieve fulfillment and keep our structures perfectly healthy. These are possible continually, regardless of the solicitations of our occupations, accepting that we simply pick it for ourselves and for our families.

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Men’s Health – Information and Health Tips

Great wellbeing it’s a day to day existence time responsibility. To be in a situation to appreciate and keep up great wellbeing and glad long life it is critical to comprehend the requirement for great dietary patterns, work out, negligible pressure, healthful enhancements and safe working and ecological conditions. It is additionally similarly critical to perceive and comprehend the main sources of sudden passing so the suitable advances can be taken to lessen such dangers. As indicated by Center for Disease Control (CDC) the danger of death from the greater part of these classes is higher for men than it is for ladies.

The normal future for men in 2003 was 74.8 years and for ladies 80.1. It isn’t clear why men have a more limited life expectancy. In 2003 the CDC detailed that more than 1,000,000 American men passed on and of them just about 80% kicked the bucket from one of ten driving reasons for death for men. While the specialists are attempting to comprehend the reasons for death there is one thing that it is very clear. Perceiving the main sources of death proper advances can be taken to decrease the dangers. 2003 was the latest year on insights for driving reasons for death of American men.

Find here In request of rate, the 10 driving reasons for male passings. Additionally find recorded wellbeing decisions and safeguard steps to be taken to improve your wellbeing and diminish such danger.

Coronary illness

Men create cardiovascular illness 10 to 15 years sooner than ladies and over 25% of the coronary illness related passings occur at 35 to 65 years old. The American Heart Association records show in excess of 4000,000 men passings identified with coronary illness in 2004. Settling on better way of life decisions along with appropriate treatment, when experience the ill effects of different conditions that can build the danger of coronary vein conditions, for example, hypertension, cholesterol and diabetes, can significantly decrease the danger of coronary illness and of sudden passing.

Safeguard steps you can take:

o Include a lot of products of the soil in your eating routine and food sources wealthy in fundamental oils and supplements however evade nourishments of high soaked fat substance. Incorporate nourishing enhancements particularly those with proof to help and additionally bring down the danger of cardiovascular sickness.

o Quit smoking.

o Keep sound weight.

o Exercise consistently for in any event 30 minutes every day.

o Keep cholesterol, pulse and glucose levels leveled out.

Malignancy

Malignancy is the subsequent driving reason for passings for the two people. In 2003 just about 300,00 men kicked the bucket of malignancy. Practically half of these passings were identified with smoking (cellular breakdown in the lungs).

Precaution steps you can take are:

o You should know and converse with your PCP about your family clinical history.

o Take steps to stay away from or decrease your openness to possible cancer-causing agents in your home and work place.

o Exercise consistently at any rate for 30 minutes a few times each week.

o Quit smoking and maintain a strategic distance from indoor regions where smoking is allowed.

o Include a lot of foods grown from the ground in your eating routine particularly those high in fundamental supplements with proof to help or lower the danger of malignant growth. Eat nourishments wealthy in fundamental oils however evade those food sources with high immersed fat substance.

o Drink liquor with some restraint

Inadvertent wounds

As per CDC in 2003 in excess of 70,000 men murdered in mishaps. Measurements show more than twice men bite the dust in rush hour gridlock related mishaps than ladies.

To decrease the danger of a lethal mishap:

o Always utilize your safety belt when you drive and don’t surpass as far as possible.

o Don’t drive affected by liquor or medications

o Store synthetic substances and fuel in a safe ventilated zone and in their unique compartments.

o Use good judgment safety measures when you work apparatus utilizing stepping stools and never swim alone in new huge waterway.

Stroke

Over 5% of men passed on in 2003 from stroke.

Steps to take.

o Adopt an eating regimen wealthy in fundamental supplements to help your body.

Constant obstructive aspiratory infection (COPD)

As per the American Lung Association in excess of 60,000 men kicked the bucket from COPD in 2003. COPD incorporates conditions, for example, emphysema, constant bronchitis and it is related with cellular breakdown in the lungs.

Precaution steps to take:

o Quit smoking and keep away from aloof smoking.

o Keep any openness to synthetic substances at least.

Diabetes

40,000 men passed on in 2003 of diabetes as per American Heart Association. It is assessed that 33% of men with the normal kind 2 diabetes are unconscious until they create confusions. Diabetic difficulties can be lethal in conj activity of cardiovascular infection and stroke.

Steps you can take are:

o Keep a sound weight.

o Exercise consistently for at any rate 30 minutes a few times each week.

o Include leafy foods in your eating routine, great quality protein and keep soaked fats low.

o Check your glucose levels intermittently.

Flu and pneumonia

Pneumonia and flu murdered very nearly 30,000 men in 2003 as per CDC.

To lessen the danger:

o Immunization have a once every year influenza shot and a pneumoccoccal antibody to lessen the danger. They are 90% and half successful separately.

Self destruction

In excess of 25,000 men ended it all in 2003 as per CDC. Individuals in danger to end it all might be discouraged, misuse liquor and additionally medications and feel useless and endured ongoing life emergency.

o If you believe you or a friend or family member is discouraged eliminate any guns in the home and ask clinical assistance as this is an illness.

Kidney infection

Entanglements of diabetes and hypertension can prompt kidney disappointment. As per CDC the condition murdered in excess of 18,000 men in 2003. Another reason for kidney issues is the abuse of certain meds, for example, headache medicine.

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The Need-To-Know Men’s Health and Fitness Tips for The Summer

Summer is gradually drawing nearer, is your body prepared for the sea shore? On the off chance that you don’t have the six-pack stomach, expansive shoulders and provocative arms that you have consistently envisioned about, the time has come to begin. Presently is the ideal opportunity to pay attention to your wellbeing and prepare your body sea shore. Ideal men’s wellbeing and wellness is not difficult to accomplish with only a couple steps. At the point when you stay reliable and devoted to your wellbeing and wellness, the outcomes can happen rapidly.

There is more that goes into wellness than simply making a beeline for the rec center and haphazardly working out. When there is a technique to your frenzy at the exercise center, you will acknowledge more noteworthy outcomes. Men’s wellbeing consolidates a wide assortment of issues including – eating appropriately, lifting loads and performing cardio works out. With these three parts, it will be simpler to accomplish the fit physique you long for.

The Role that Diet Plays

Diet is perhaps the main segments of men’s wellbeing. It doesn’t bode well for you to go to the exercise center, work out as hard as possible, and afterward get back home to eat an unfortunate dinner. There are things your body needs to work appropriately that must be gotten through the legitimate eating regimen. A couple of straightforward tips to continue to accomplish your ideal body include:

Drink water – This is quite possibly the main things you can accomplish for your body, particularly on the off chance that you work out. It is suggested that you drink in any event 64 ounces every day.

Eat little suppers – Smaller dinners for the duration of the day keep your body powered throughout the day, accelerating your digestion and keeping you from getting undesirable snacks in the middle of suppers.

Fill your plate with whatever number tones as could reasonably be expected – This is the most ideal approach to get the entirety of the legitimate nutrients and supplements in your framework, by picking a wide range of leafy foods at every feast.

Wellness and Weight Training

All together for your weight preparing to be the best, pick 3 days every week to lift loads and devote every one of those three days to a particular body part. This is significant so you can zero in on just that body part, playing out the suggested 3-4 distinct sorts of activity for that body part and accomplishing ideal outcomes. At the point when you center around each body part in turn, you can consummate the look you want for that focused territory. Similarly as significant as lifting loads is taking a rest day in the middle of your exercises. Subsequent to working out a focused on body part, try to give those muscles in any event 48 hours to rest and recuperate from the exercise.

The Importance of Cardio Workouts

While weight preparing is wonderful to assist your muscles with developing; cardio exercises are essential to help your body battle the fat. Cardio activities ought to be performed 3-4 times each week and ought to be done at a power that actually permits you to have a discussion without getting short of breath. Cardio meetings can last somewhere in the range of 20 minutes to a limit of one hour to be the most valuable.